Singleton is a small and picturesque town on the banks of the Hunter River in New South Wales, Australia. Singleton is 197 kilometres (122 miles) north-north-west of Sydney, and just 80 kilometres (50 miles) northwest of Newcastle. The town was established in the 1820s by Benjamin Singleton. In its early years, it was also called Patricks' Plains. The Main North Railway line reached Singleton in 1863 and was the end of the line until 1869. The town retains many historic buildings, including the original court house built in 1841, various large churches and many traditional Australian pubs. The countryside surrounding Singleton contains a number of fine old mansions, reflecting the aristocratic nature of land grants when the area was settled.
Singleton sits at the heart of a number of major commercial activities, include coal mining, electricity generation, light industry, vineyards, horse breeding and cattle production.
Being the largest town in the Upper Hunter, Singleton itself is also an important commercial centre. The town centre boasts three small shopping centres, a cinema complex, homemaker centre as well as a very traditional and beautiful 'main street'. Major stores include Woolworths, Big W, Franklins, IGA and most conventional high street stores.